Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence Resources:

Andreessen Horowitz’s AI Playbook and AI, Deep Learning, and Machine Learning: A Primer (video: 45 minutes)

An AI Reading List — From Practical Primers to Sci-Fi Short Stories; the best reading on AI, as recommended by the experts – The Verge; part of The Verge’s The State of AI in 2019

Andrew Ng’s AI For Everyone – The Definitive Starting Block for AI Novices and AI for Everyone at

A Visual Introduction to Machine Learning Part I and Part II (from

Machine Learning for Humans (Vishal Maini: strategy & communications at DeepMindAI)

Artificial Intelligence Podcast (Lex Fridman)

Fifty AI Experts to Follow on Twitter (list by Cognilytica)

Google’s The Launchpad applied machine learning “best practices” website

The UC Berkeley Course for 2019 called Introduction to Deep Learning has released their official textbook as an online resource. In addition to the online notebooks, the course also offers a comprehensive playlist of lecture videos

Fairness and Machine Learning: Limitations and Opportunities – an online work-in-process textbook by Solon Barocas, Moritz Hardt, Arvind Narayanan

AI Now Institute and their annual reports and other publications

Global AI Policy Database from Charlotte Stix (Coordinator for the High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence of the European Commission)

Artificial Intelligence: What Every Policymaker Needs to Know from the Center for a New American Security

Princeton’s Dialogues on AI and Ethics Case Studies

Superintelligence: The Idea That Eats Smart People by Maciej Ceglowski (video: 45 minutes) – “A skeptical view on the seductive, apocalyptic beliefs that prevent people in tech from really working to make a difference”

The Power of Self-Learning Systems (video: YouTube, 64 minutes) presentation by Demis Hassabis, Co-Founder & CEO, Google DeepMind

Mr. Robot – a profile of AI pioneer Geoffrey Hinton (Toronto Life)

Former Head of Google China Foresees an AI Crisis—and Proposes a Solution (IEEE Spectrum) and Who Needs Democracy When You Have Data – Here’s How China Rules Using Data, AI, and Internet Surveillance (MIT Technology Review)


Academic Papers and Reports of Interest:

Artificial Intelligence Policy: A Primer and Roadmap (28 page pdf; updated October 19, 2017) – Ryan Calo (University of Washington School of Law)

AI Now 2017 Report (36 page pdf; October 18, 2017) – Alex Campolo, New York University; Madelyn Sanfilippo (New York University); Meredith Whittaker (Google Open Research and New York University); and Kate Crawford (Microsoft Research and New York University)

Using Targeted Advertising for Personal Surveillance and related paper (12 page pdf; October 18, 2017) – Paul Vines, Franziska Roesner, and Tadayoshi Kohno (University of Washington)

I Never Signed Up For This! Privacy Implications of Email Tracking and related paper (18 page pdf; September 28, 2017) – Steven Englehardt, Jeffrey Han, and Arvind Narayanan (Princeton University)

Is the First Amendment Obsolete? (29 page pdf; September 2017) – Tim Wu (Columbia Law School)

The Pluralist Model of Speech Regulation: Free Speech in the Algorithmic Society – Big Data, Private Governance, and New School Speech Regulation and related paper (65 page pdf; October 13, 2017) – Jack Balkin (Yale Law School)



Law, Tech and Policy

How to Protect the Future Web From Its Founders’ Own Frailty (June 24, 2016) – Cory Doctorow. See also: The Web’s Creator Looks to Reinvent It (June 7, 2016) – New York Times, and The Fathers of the Internet Revolution Urge Today’s Software Engineers to Reinvent the Web (June 13, 2016) – IEEE Spectrum

Open Access: All Human Knowledge is There—So Why Can’t Everybody Access It? (July 6, 2016) – Glyn Moody at ArsTechnica

Researchers Sue the Government Over Computer Hacking Law (CFAA) (June 29, 2016) – Kim Zetter in Wired; See the ACLU’s complaint (pdf available at the link; 47 pages) and the ACLU release

Section 1201 of the DMCA Cannot Pass Constitutional Scrutiny and Research and Remixes the Law Won’t Allow (July 21, 2016) – EFF; See also Statement on DMCA lawsuit by cryptographer and Johns Hopkins professor Matthew Green, who is one of the plaintiffs in the lawsuit, and the complaint (pdf; 32 pages) in the lawsuit. Related: A Dozen Bad Ideas That Were Raised At The Copyright Office’s DMCA Roundtables (May 18, 2016) – TechDirt

Tech Companies Fight Back After Years of Being Deluged With Secret FBI Requests (June 21, 2016) – Jenna McLaughlin at The Intercept

Why Notice-and-Takedown is a Bit of Copyright Law Worth Saving (June 21, 2016) – Los Angeles Times Op-Ed by law professors Chris Sprigman and Mark Lemley

At JustSecurity, a series of July posts on “secret law”: It’s Time to Come to Terms With Secret Law: Part I and Part II by Dakota S. Rudesill, and Secret Law, Targeting, and the Problem of Standards: A Response to Dakota Rudesill – Jonathan Hafetz

The Intriguing Legal Ramifications of Pokémon GO (July 25, 2016) –; Also see The University of Washington Tech Policy Lab’s white paper – Augmented Reality, a Technology and Policy Primer (pdf at the link; 12 pages)

Mary Meeker’s 2016 Internet Trends Report

Reweaving the Web; A Slew of Startups is Trying to Decentralize the Online World (June 18, 2016) – The Economist

EU-related developments (other than Privacy Shield): Apple Joins Wide Array of Tech Companies in Fight to Kill EU’s ‘Cookie Law’ (July 6, 2016) – AppleInsider; European Union’s First Cybersecurity Law Gets Green Light (July 6, 2016) – Bloomberg; and The European Union is Updating its Electronic Signature Laws (June 30, 2016) – The Verge. See also the EU release on the new electronic signature laws.

MIT Researchers Unveil New Anonymity Scheme That Could Rival Tor – David Bisson at

General Interest

Groundbreaking ‘Atomic Memory’ Could Cram Unimaginable Amounts of Data Into Your iPhone (July 19, 2016) – AppleInsider, and Atom Wranglers Create Rewritable Memory (July 18, 2016) – Nature; See the related academic paper: A Kilobyte Rewritable Atomic Memory (pay $ download at the link)

Quantum Computing: A Primer – Andreessen Horowitz video (28 minutes) at the link, plus a good list of further reading on quantum computing

Why Computer Vision Has Become a Major Investment Theme for Me (June 16, 2016) – VC Mark Suster, and The Voice UI has Gone Mainstream (June 6, 2016) – Ben Bajarin

My Time with Richard Feynman (July 11, 2016) – Stephen Wolfram

The Millions’ 2nd Half of 2016 Book Preview (fiction)


2nd Circuit Decision in the Microsoft Ireland Warrant Case

The 2nd Circuit Opinion (pdf; 43 pages)


Microsoft Corporation v. United States of America – Wikipedia

The Microsoft Ireland Case: A Brief Summary (July 15, 2016) – LawFare

News Reports:

Microsoft Wins Appeal on Overseas Data Searches (July 14, 2016) – New York Times

Analysis and Criticism:

Reactions to the Microsoft Warrant Case (July 15, 2016) – LawFare

Second Circuit: Warrants Cannot be Used to Compel Disclosure of Emails Stored Outside the United States (July 14, 2016) and Does It Matter Who Wins the Microsoft Ireland Warrant Case? (July 23, 2016) – Orin Kerr in The Washington Post

Microsoft Just Won a Big Victory Against Government Surveillance — Why It Matters (July 15, 2016) – Daniel Solove at TeachPrivacy

The Microsoft Ireland Case and the Future of Digital Privacy (July 18, 2016) – Jennifer Granick at JustSecurity

Three Key Takeaways: The 2d Circuit Ruling in The Microsoft Warrant Case (July 14, 2016) – Jennifer Daskal at JustSecurity

Microsoft v. USA: A Win for Privacy, or Is It? (July 14, 2016) – Omer Tene at IAPP

Microsoft Case Shows the Limits of a Data Privacy Law (July 18, 2016) – New York Times


Microsoft’s President Explains the Company’s Quiet Legal War for User Privacy (July 22, 2016) – The Washington Post

U.S. Government Presents Draft Legislation for Cross-Border Data Requests (July 16, 2016) – David Kris at LawFare


Recent Developments in Material Support Lawsuits and Regulation of Online Hate Speech

Material Support Lawsuits:

  “The floodgates have opened for lawsuits vs social media sites for supporting terrorist orgs. Latest target: Facebook” – Eric Goldman (@ericgoldman): July 11, 2016

Facebook, Hamas, and Why a New Material Support Suit May Have Legs (July 12, 2016); Another Material Support Suit Against Social Media Companies (June 21, 2016); and Twitter, ISIS, Civil Liability, and Immunity: An Update (May 5, 2016) – Benjamin Wittes (and Zoe Bedell for the July 12th post) at LawFare

Regulation of Online Hate Speech:

Google, Facebook Quietly Move Toward Automatic Blocking of Extremist Videos (June 24, 2016) – Yahoo News

Facebook, Twitter, Google, and Microsoft Agree to EU Hate Speech Rules (May 31, 2016) – The Verge

European Commission and IT Companies Announce Code of Conduct on Illegal Online Hate Speech (May 31, 2016) – EU Press Release; and the related Code of Conduct (pdf; 3 pages)

Previously: See my prior post (03.07.2016): Pressure for Regulating Online Speech Related to Terrorism

Two 9th Circuit CFAA Decisions


FOIA Improvement Act of 2016 Becomes Law; Sufficient Changes?


U.S. Net Neutrality Decision Handed Down

The Opinion: U.S. Telecom Association v. FCC (pdf; 184 pages)

News Reports:

Court Backs Rules Treating Internet as Utility, Not Luxury (June 14, 2016) – New York Times


Net Neutrality Won and Here’s the Essay that Started It All; Tim Wu First Articulated the Concept 14 Years Ago – ReCode

Analysis and Criticism:

Free State Foundation Scholars React to the D.C. Circuit’s Decision on the Open Internet Order (June 15, 2016) – Seth Cooper, Gus Hurwitz, Daniel Lyons, and Richard Epstein

Still Not a Dump Truck: Net Neutrality and the First Amendment (June 15, 2016) – Derek Bambauer at Info/Law

What’s Next:

Net Neutrality Won Big Today, But Don’t Celebrate Just Yet – Wired

Meanwhile in Europe:

Sir Tim Berners-Lee makes a last-minute plea to save net neutrality in Europe (July 15, 2016) – The Verge; See also: text of July 14, 2016 public letter by Sir Tim Berners-Lee, law professor Barbara van Schewick, and law professor Larry Lessig


Burr-Feinstein (Anti-Crypto) Draft Legislation (updated June 7, 2016)

The Latest:

Security Win: Burr-Feinstein Proposal Declared ‘Dead’ for This Year (May 27, 2016) – EFF

Push For Encryption Law Falters Despite Apple Case Spotlight (May 27, 2016) – Reuters

Draft Bill: Text of the “The Compliance with Court Orders Act of 2016” (April 13, 2016)

Press Release by Burr and Feinstein (April 13, 2016)

Interesting Graphic on the Scope of the Bill: The Incredible Breadth of Feinstein-Burr (LawFare)

News Reports:

Senators Introduce Legislation to Compel Tech Companies to Submit Data to the Government (April 13, 2016) – Washington Post

Senate Intel Panel Releases Official Encryption Bill Draft (April 13, 2016) and Intel Chair: Encryption Bill Won’t Specify Noncompliance Penalties (April 12, 2016) – The Hill

Tech Industry and other Reaction:

Internet Association (IA) Statement on the Compliance with Court Orders Act of 2016 (April 11, 2016)

Bill That Would Ban End-to-End Encryption Savaged by Critics (April 8, 2016) – The Intercept

White House Declines to Support Encryption Legislation (April 7, 2016) – Reuters

Rep. Issa Says Senate Encryption Bill Is Flawed and Technically-Naive (April 8, 2016)

Analysis and Commentary:

Encryption Legislation: Critics Blinded by Outrage are Blinded to the Lessons (April 21, 2016) – Susan Hennessey at LawFare

Here’s What the Burr-Feinstein Anti-Crypto Bill Gets Wrong (April 15, 2016) – Riana Pfefferkorn in JustSecurity

Dumb, Delusional Senate Encryption Bill – Or Clever (April 17, 2016) – Jean-Louis Gassée in his MondayNote

The Burr-Feinstein Encryption Bill Is Probably D.O.A. (April 14, 2016) – FastCompany

Anti-Crypto Bill Continues to Miss the Point (April 14, 2016) – CDT

What If Feinstein-Burr Passes? – Paul Rosenzweig in LawFare


California Phone Decryption Bill Defeated (April 12, 2016) – Sacramento Bee

Encryption Legislation Advances in France (April 14, 2016) – Daniel Severson in LawFare

F.B.I. Tells Panel It Needs Hackers to Keep Up With Tech Companies (April 19, 2016) – New York Times


Oracle v. Google Fair Use Trial (link round-up; updated June 7, 2016)

Google Prevails:

Google Beats Oracle—Android Makes “Fair Use” of Java APIs (May 26,2016) – Joe Mullin at ArsTechnica

TechDirt podcast: What Happened at the Oracle Google Trial (May 31, 2016) – Mike Masnick and Sarah Jeong (48 minutes)

Why Google’s Fair Use Victory over Oracle Matters (May 31, 2016) – Paula Samuelson in The Guardian; also Google’s Fair Use Victory is Good For Open Source (June 2, 2016) – Paula Samuelson at ArsTechnica

A Guide to Understanding the Oracle v. Google Legal Battle (May 27, 2016) – Victor Luckerson in The Ringer


Google and Oracle’s $9.3 Billion Fair Use Fight Starts Today, Here’s a Guide (May 9, 2016) – Jeff John Roberts in Fortune

Stakes Are High In Oracle v. Google, But The Public Has Already Lost Big (May 12, 2016) – EFF’s Parker Higgins at TechDirt

In Oracle v. Google, a Nerd Subculture Is on Trial (May 12, 2016) – Sarah Jeong at MotherBoard


General: Oracle America v. Google – Wikipedia

List and Links to Rulings and Related Filings (under the Tab “Documents” following the brief article) – EFF

Supreme Court Declines to Hear Appeal in Google-Oracle Copyright Fight – New York Times:

“Monday’s Supreme Court decision, which was specific to this appeal, means the Oracle-Google saga will now move back to the lower courts to determine another aspect of the case: Even though Google was using copyrighted software, was it only making ‘fair use’ of it . . . ‘You shouldn’t let the owner of an A.P.I. end up owning the other person’s program,’ said Michael Barclay, special counsel to the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a tech nonprofit devoted to civil liberties. ‘I don’t think we’ll find out how bad a day this is for a long time.'”

Solicitor General Brief Argued APIs are Copyrightable: Considering whether to grant certiorari in the Google v. Oracle America case, the Supreme Court earlier in 2015 asked the government to weigh in on the dispute. In response, the Solicitor General filed its brief, surprisingly taking the position that APIs are subject to copyright protection.

The Solicitor General’s Brief for the United States as Amicus Curiae (pdf; 23 pages)

Marc Andreesen tweet: “Obama Administration to software programmers: Drop dead!”

November 2014 “Brief of Amici Curiae Computer Scientists in Support of Petitioner” (pdf; 27 pages, excluding list of amici and tables of content and cited authorities)

Appeals Court Ruling (May 2014) – Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit

The Appeals Court Decision

Reaction (at that time): Tech World Stunned as Court Rules Oracle Can Own APIs; Google Loses Copyright Appeal – GigaOm

Original Trial and Decision (May 2012) – U.S. District Court, Northern District of California

The Original Copyright Related Rulings: “Order re: copyright ability of certain replicated elements of the JAVA application programming interface” (pdf; 41 pages) and “Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law on Equitable Defenses” (pdf; 3 pages)

News Article Summing Up the Patent Portion of the Case: Jury Clears Google of Infringing on Oracle Patents – ZDNet

Reaction (at that time): Google Wins Crucial API Ruling, Oracle’s Case Decimated; Java API Packages ‘free for all to use under the Copyright Act’ – ArsTechnica



Law, Tech and Policy

Are US Courts Going Dark? (May 6, 2016) – US Magistrate Judge, Stephen Wm. Smith at JustSecurity

The Second Amendment Case for the Right to Bear Crypto (May 11, 2016) – Susan McGregor at MotherBoard

Facebook Gets Bad Ruling In Face-Scanning Privacy Case (May 6, 2016) – Venkat Balasubramani at Technology and Marketing Law Blog

Introducing the ‘Right to Eavesdrop on Your Things’ – computer science professor Keith Winstein at Politico

Preparing for the Future of Artificial Intelligence (May 3, 2016) – Ed Felten, Deputy U.S. Chief Technology Officer, announces an AI workshop series and interagency working group

Artificially Intelligent Lawyer, IBM’s AI ‘Ross,’ Has Been Hired By Its First Official Law Firm (May 11, 2016) – Futurism

Hail and Farewell to The Google Books Case (May 11, 2016) – law professor James Grimmelmann at PublishersWeekly

The Shape of Things (April 26, 2016) – Tom Coates at Medium

The Proper Channels For Whistleblowers Are Still A Joke (May 3, 2016) – TechDirt

Tech Titans are Busy Privatizing Our Data (April 24, 2016) and The State has Lost Control: Tech Firms Now Run Western Politics (March 27, 2016) – Evgeny Morozov; Also Digital Pioneer, Jaron Lanier, on the Dangers of ‘Free’ Online Culture (April 2016) – WIPO Magazine

General Interest

Historic Computers Look Super Sexy in this New Photo Series by Docubyte and Ink (May 11, 2016) – Creative Review

Inside Palantir, Silicon Valley’s Most Secretive Company (May 6, 2016) – BuzzFeed

Life is Short (January 2016) – Paul Graham


Recent Academic Papers and Reports of Interest

An FDA for Algorithms (pdf; 29 pages; March 15, 2016) – Andrew Tuft

The Fourth Amendment in the Information Age (April 27, 2016) – Robert Litt (General Counsel, Office of the Director of National Intelligence)

The Fourth Amendment in the Coming Drone Age (pdf; 29 pages; December 3, 2015) – Brooke Hofhenke (American University – Washington College of Law)

Norms of Computer Trespass (pdf; 42 pages; May 2, 2015) – Orin Kerr (The George Washington University Law School)

Searching Places Unknown: Law Enforcement Jurisdiction on the Dark Web (pdf; 45 pages; March 5, 2016) – Ahmed Ghappour (UC Hastings College of the Law)

International Signals Intelligence Law: Provisions and History (March 2016) – A.M. Rutkowski

Inefficiently Automated Law Enforcement (pdf; 34 pages; May 4, 2016) – Woodrow Hartzog, Gregory Conti, John Nelson and Lisa A. Shay

How Governments Can Promote Automated Driving (pdf; 46 pages; March 17, 2016) – Bryant Walker Smith (University of South Carolina – School of Law)


Robots, AI and the Law (link round-up)

We Robot 2016 video recap at (April 11, 2016) – all videos at the link:

A. Moral Crumple Zones: Cautionary Tales in Human Robot Interaction (video duration 01:40:00)

B. SmartPrivacy in Human-Robot Interaction (video duration 01:20:00)

C. How to Engage the Public on the Ethics and Governance of Lethal Autonomous Weapons (video duration 01:03:00)

D. Autonomous Vehicles (video duration 02:35:00)

E. Privacy and Healthcare Robots (video duration 01:10:30)

F. Institutional Options for Robot Governance (video duration 01:31:30)

G. Will #BlackLivesMatter to RoboCop? (video duration 01:16:30)

H. Siriously? Free Speech Rights for Artificial Intelligence (video duration 01:20:30)

I. What Do We Really Know About Robots and the Law? (video duration 01:13:00)

Hearing on the “The Legal and Ethical Aspects of Robotics and Artificial Intelligence” – European Parliament Committee on Legal Affairs (April 21, 2016)

Hearing Agenda (single page pdf)

Link to the recorded video of the hearing. The relevant portion begins at 00:54:30 (total length of hearing: approximately 2 hours, 21 minutes)

Robots in American Law presentation by law professor Ryan Calo at the University of Texas Law School (March 22, 2016). Two videos: main presentation (video duration 01:08:00) and a conversation with Ryan Calo (video duration 00:15:00). See also: Robots in American Law – Ryan Calo (University of Washington Law School) (pdf; 44 pages)

What Is a Robot? The Question is More Complicated Than it Seems (March 22, 2016) – Adrienne Lafrance in The Atlantic

Four Reasons America’s Laws Governing Robots Are Terrifyingly Outdated; Robots are Evolving Faster Than the Laws That Rule Their Existence (March 29, 2016) – Sarah Sloat in Inverse

The Race Is On to Control Artificial Intelligence, and Tech’s Future (March 25, 2016) and Silicon Valley Looks to Artificial Intelligence for the Next Big Thing (March 27, 2016) – New York Times. See also: AI Hits the Mainstream (March 28, 2016) – MIT Technology Review

Let Artificial Intelligence Evolve; That Way, It’ll Be Moral (April 18, 2016) – Michael Chorost in Slate

Robots Are Learning to Fake Empathy (April 6, 2016) – MotherBoard

What the Scarlett Johansson Robot Says About the Future; Courts Need to Grapple with New Questions Raised by Increasingly Technology-Savvy Fans (April 7, 2016) – Margot E. Kaminski in Slate

Flash Forward podcast: “Rude Bot Rises” on conscious artificial intelligence (podcast length: 00:30:45) (April 5, 2016)

Humans Can’t Escape Killer Robots, but Humans Can Be Held Accountable for Them (April 15, 2016) – P.W. Singer and August Cole at ViceNews

Terrifyingly Convenient; A.I. Assistants Can Give You the News, Order You a Pizza, and Tell You a Joke and All You Have To Do is Trust Them – Completely (April 3, 2016) – Will Oremus in Slate

Chat Bots, Conversation and AI as an Interface (March 30, 2016) – Benedict Evans


Microsoft vs. the USA/DOJ

The Complaint: pdf; 17 pages (April 14, 2016)

Statement of Microsoft’s President and Chief Legal Officer (Brad Smith): Keeping Secrecy the Exception, Not the Rule: An Issue for Both Consumers and Businesses (April 14, 2016)

News Report: Microsoft Sues Justice Department to Protest Electronic Gag Order Statute (April 14, 2016) – New York Times

Legal Analysis:

A New Lawsuit from Microsoft: No More Gag Orders! (April 14, 2016) – law professor Jennifer Daskal at JustSecurity

Why Microsoft’s Fight with the Government Should Overshadow Apple’s – the Electronic Frontier Foundation and Two Law Professors Explain Its Significance (April 15, 2016) – Inverse

Related: House Panel’s Bill Strengthens Privacy for Older Emails – New York Times


Apple, the FBI and the All Writs Act (link round-up; updated 05.13.2016)

DOJ/FBI Vacate San Bernardino iPhone Case:

DOJ Motion to Vacate (pdf; 3 pages) (March 28, 2016) and Judge’s Order to Vacate (pdf; 1 page) (March 29, 2016)

Apple and DOJ Statements (March 28, 2016) – reproduced in a BuzzFeed article on the motion to vacate

U.S. Says It Has Unlocked iPhone Without Apple (March 28, 2016) – New York Times

“I guarantee you at some point, somebody told Director Comey, ‘good god, Jim, you’ve got to make this go away.'” – Jonathan Ździarski (@JZdziarski): March 28, 2016

Related: U.S. Government Drops New York iPhone Case After Third Party Gives It the Passcode (April 23, 2016) – Daily Dot

The San Bernardino iPhone Unlock:

Nothing Significant Found on San Bernardino iPhone So Far (April 13, 2016) – CBS News

FBI Paid Professional Hackers One-Time Fee to Crack San Bernardino iPhone (April 12, 2016) – Washington Post; and Apple iPhone Unlocking Maneuver Likely to Remain Secret (April 14, 2016) – Reuters

F.B.I. Director Suggests Bill for iPhone Hacking Topped $1.3 Million (April 21, 2016) – New York Times

FBI Says Method Used to Unlock iPhone Doesn’t Work with iPhone 5s or Newer (April 7, 2016) – TechCrunch

Apple Likely Can’t Force FBI to Disclose How It Got Data From Seized iPhone (March 28, 2016) – ArsTechnica; and the government’s Vulnerabilities Equities Process (pdf at the link; 14 pages). See also: Thank You for Hacking the iPhone, Now Tell Apple How You Did It (March 22, 2016) – BloombergBusiness weighing in on whether the FBI, if successful in getting into the San Bernardino iPhone, would be required to share with Apple the means it used.

What’s Next?

FBI’s Comey Expects More Litigation Over Access to Electronic Devices (May 11, 2016) – Reuters

Burr-Feinstein Draft Legislation – see my separate post here

A Possible Tool to Unlock the iPhone Means Something . . . or Nothing (March 22, 2016) – Susan Hennessy and Benjamin Wittes at LawFare:

“In the longer term, however, the episode changes nothing. It merely defers the important questions which we’re eventually going to have to resolve, either in the courts or in Congress or both:

• Does the All Writs Act apply to compel this type of assistance from an information service provider like Apple, or is such an order precluded by CALEA?

• If the All Writs Act does properly apply, what constitutes an undue burden under the controlling test in New York Telephone Company?

• Is there an obligation for the government to seek assistance from other federal agencies and the commercial sector before demonstrating that non-party assistance is required as a matter of necessity under the All Writs Act?

• More generally, what obligations do we want companies like Apple to have to cooperate with and assist law enforcement in the investigation and prosecution of their users?”

I would add to the Hennessy/Wittes list of questions to be resolved: if the All Writs Act does properly apply in order to compel assistance from a company such as Apple, how might the constitution (primarily, though not exclusively, the first amendment) limit the type and extent of assistance to law enforcement a court could require?

Repetitive Encryption Tirades Could Be Giving Way to Debate Over ‘Lawful Hacking’ (April 20, 2016) – The Intercept

The Encryption Debate Enters Phase Two (March 16, 2016) – Daniel Weitzner (Director of the MIT Internet Policy Research Initiative and Principal Research Scientist at the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab) in LawFare; and A New Front in the Second Crypto War (March 15, 2016) – the generally pro-FBI/IC and often provocative Benjamin Wittes in LawFare; two important reads on what might come next regarding encryption – law and policy

WhatsApp Encryption Said to Stymie Wiretap Order (March 12, 2016) – New York Times

Why Do the Feds Usually Try to Unlock Phones? It’s Drugs, Not Terrorism (March 31, 2016) – Wired; and Measuring the ‘Darkness’ of ‘Going Dark’ – Just How Dark is Law Enforcement Going? (April 4, 2016) – Ryan Hagemann of the Niskanen Center with a similar point regarding the typical governmental reason to seek decryption (i.e., the drug war)

Court Orders, Filings and Schedules:

Magistrate Judge Sheri Pym’s February 16, 2016 Order (alternate link)

DOJ Motion to Compel Apple Compliance (pdf; 35 pages)(February 19, 2016)

Apple’s Motion to Vacate Order Compelling Apple to Assist Agents in Search, and Opposition to Government’s Motion to Compel Assistance (link is to pdf hosted at; the motion is approximately 36 pages without supporting documents and 415 pages with supporting documents) (alternate link to the motion without supporting documents at the New York Times: Apple’s Motion Opposing the iPhone Order and alternate link to the motion without supporting documents at DocumentCloud) (February 25, 2016) – My quick initial reaction before seeing the upcoming DOJ response: If the magistrate judge is inclined to get out of the mess created by her initial order, there appear to be adequate grounds to do so based solely on Apple’s All Writs Act arguments, without getting to the constitutional question (primarily 1st Amendment)

Apple Files Motion to Vacate the Court Order to Force it to Unlock iPhone (February 25, 2016) – TechCrunch

Apple Files Appeal in San Bernardino iPhone Case (March 2, 2016) – Politico

DOJ Reply Brief (March 10, 2016) (pdf, hosted at cryptome; 484 pages with supporting documents; main portion of filing = first 43 pages)

The Tone between Apple and the FBI is Now Openly Hostile; includes transcript of the reaction to the DOJ filing of Bruce Sewell, Apple’s general counsel and SVP of legal (March 10, 2016) – Verge

Apple Response to Latest DOJ Filing (March 15, 2016) (pdf; 33 pages without all supporting documents; alternative link to pdf (351 pages) hosted at with the supporting documents)

Apple’s Response To DOJ: Your Filing Is Full Of Blatantly Misleading Claims And Outright Falsehoods (March 15, 2016) – TechDirt

Amicus Briefs and Letters to Court in Support of Apple – Apple website

Pro-FBI/DOJ Amicus Briefs: California State Sheriffs, Police Chiefs and Peace Officers Associations, San Bernardino County DA, Federal Law Enforcement Officers Association (pdf is included within the collection of amicus briefs at the link), and the relatives of several San Bernardino shooting victims (March 3, 2016)

Schedule Re: Magistrate Judge’s Order – Arguments set for March 22, 2016 (link to judge’s scheduling order, including briefing schedule, here)

Magistrate Judge, at the request of the DOJ, Vacates the March 22nd Hearing (pdf; 3 pages) (March 21, 2016) – in order to allow the DOJ/FBI time to ascertain if a method of unlocking the San Bernardino terrorist iPhone, that was suggested by a ‘third party’ on March 20, 2016, in fact works. Also: Court Reporter’s Transcript (pdf; 12 pages) of the Oral Hearing on Monday, March 21, 2016 regarding the motion to vacate the March 22nd hearing. DOJ committed to filing a status update by April 5, 2016. The Magistrate Judge’s original order to compel Apple was stayed.

DOJ Motion to Vacate (pdf; 3 pages) (March 28, 2016) and Judge’s Order to Vacate (pdf; 1 page) (March 29, 2016)

Legal Analysis:

A Coherent Middle Ground in the Apple-FBI All Writs Act Dispute (March 21, 2016) – law professors Robert Chesney and Steve Vladeck at LawFare; and A friendly critique of the proposed Chesney/Vladeck ‘middle ground’ in the Apple/FBI disputes (March 21, 2016) – law professor Marty Lederman at JustSecurity

The Convoluted Logic Behind Apple’s ‘Obstruction’ of Law Enforcement (March 8, 2016) – Sarah Jeong at MotherBoard

A Primer on Apple’s Brief in the San Bernadino iPhone Fight (February 26, 2016) – law professor Robert Chesney at LawFare

Really Understanding Apple’s Legal Brief in the FBI Case (February 26, 2016) – Nilay Patel in Verge

The Law is Clear: The FBI Cannot Make Apple Rewrite its OS (March 16, 2016) – Susan Crawford at Backchannel

Apple’s iPhone Blunder (February 22, 2016) – Law professor Richard Epstein

Apple’s Strongest Legal Defenses Against the FBI (February 24, 2016) – Jason Koebler at MotherBoard

Preliminary Thoughts on the Apple iPhone Order in the San Bernardino Case (Part 1) and (Part 2): the All Writs Act and (Part 3): the Policy Question (February 18, 19 and 24, 2016) – Orin Kerr in the Washington Post

The Weak Main Argument in Judge Orenstein’s Apple Opinion (March 2, 2016) – Orin Kerr in the Washington Post

Trust, Apple, and the First Amendment (February 23, 2016) – Law professor Andrew Keane Woods at LawFare

Apple’s ‘Code = Speech’ Mistake (March 1, 2016) – law professor Neil Richards in MIT Technology Review; and Apple-FBI Fight Asks: Is Code Protected as Free Speech? (February 23, 2016) – Bloomberg; and Apple’s First Amendment Case Against the FBI (February 19, 2016) – Jason Koebler at MotherBoard

Why the Fourth Amendment Should Be Part of the Apple Case (February 29, 2016) – law professor Richard Re

CALEA Limits the All Writs Act and Protects the Security of Apple’s Phones and More CALEA and Why It Trumps the FBI’s All Writs Act Order (February 19 and 22, 2016) – Albert Gidari, Director of Privacy at Stanford’s CIS

DOJ Misleads Court on CALEA in the Apple Case (March 11, 2016) – Albert Gidari at Stanford CIS

Apple, the FBI, and the All Writs Act (February 19, 2016) – Michael Dorf at Dorf on Law

The Public Relations Battle:

The Behind-the-Scenes Fight Between Apple and the FBI (March 20, 2016) – Bloomberg

Full Transcript of TIME’s Interview With Apple CEO Tim Cook (March 17, 2016) – Time

Apple Encryption Engineers, if Ordered to Unlock iPhone, Might Resist (March 17, 2016) – New York Times. While I understand the sentiment, this strikes me as the kind of thing that might annoy the magistrate judge.

Video of President Obama speaking at SXSW on the FBI vs. Apple dispute (relevant portion: 01:16:00 to 01:27:35).

  “Shorter Obama at #SXSW on crypto: we need tech community to figure out a compromise that allows lawful access. (There, saved u 10 minutes.)” – Kevin Bankston (@KevinBankston): March 11, 2016

Obama Wants Nonexistent Middle Ground on Encryption; Warns Against ‘Fetishizing Our Phones’ (March 11, 2016) – The Intercept

President Obama Is Wrong On Encryption; Claims The Realist View Is ‘Absolutist’ (March 11, 2016) – TechDirt

Apple and U.S. Bitterly Turn Up Volume in iPhone Privacy Fight (March 10, 2016) – New York Times

Who’s for Apple and Who’s for the FBI: The Full List (March 4, 2016) – Fortune

Video of the House Judiciary Committee hearing on “The Encryption Tightrope: Balancing Americans’ Security and Privacy” (March 1, 2016)

The Apple-FBI Encryption Hearing Was Unexpectedly Hostile to the FBI Director (March 1, 2016) – Motherboard

Testimony of Susan Landau, Professor of Cybersecurity Policy Worcester Polytechnic Institute for House Judiciary Committee Hearing on ‘The Encryption Tightrope: Balancing Americans’ Security and Privacy’ (March 1, 2016) (pdf; 25 pages); See also: Bruce Sewell’s (Apple General Counsel and SVP) statement for the committee (pdf; 3 pages)

Apple’s Dear Customer Letter (February 16, 2016)

Apple’s FAQ for Customers: Answers to Your Questions about Apple and Security; related: Demystifying Apple’s FAQ – a Rebuttal (February 29, 2016) – Blair Reeves at LawFare

Apple’s Internal Employee Letter: In Employee Email, Apple CEO Tim Cook Calls For Commission On Interaction Of Technology And Intelligence Gathering (February 22, 2016; full text of employee email at the link)

Tim Cook’s Full 30-minute Interview on Apple’s Fight with the FBI; Apple’s CEO Says Federal Authorities are ‘Trampling Civil Liberties’ (February 24, 2016) – full ABC News interview available at Verge

The FBI Wants to Roll Back Safeguards that Keep Us a Step Ahead of Criminals (March 6, 2016) – Apple SVP Craig Federighi op-ed in the Washington Post

FBI Director Comey’s Statement (published at LawFare): We Could Not Look the Survivors in the Eye if We Did Not Follow this Lead (February 21, 2016)

Pro-Encryption Lawmakers See ‘Apple vs. FBI’ Fight as a Chance to Educate Congress (February 23, 2016) – DailyDot

In the Apple Case, a Debate Over Data Hits Home (March 13, 2016) – New York Times

Intelligence Community Viewpoint:

On Encryption Battle, Apple Has Advocates in Ex-National Security Officials (April 22, 2016) – New York Times

Encryption, Privacy Are Larger Issues Than Fighting Terrorism, Clarke Says (March 14, 2016) – NPR

Why the NSA is Staying Out of Apple’s Fight with the FBI (March 9, 2016) – Russell Brandon of The Verge on what is a very interesting question. See also NSA Is Mysteriously Absent From FBI-Apple Fight (March 3, 2016) – The Intercept

Technical Aspects:

Apple Policy on Bugs May Explain Why Hackers Would Help F.B.I. (March 22, 2016) – New York Times

My Take on FBI’s ‘Alternative’ Method (March 21, 2016) – Jonathan Zdziarski

One of the FBI’s Major Claims in the iPhone Case is Fraudulent (March 7, 2016) – Daniel Kahn Gillmor, Technology Fellow, ACLU Speech, Privacy, and Technology Project

In Apple vs. the FBI, There is No Technical Middle Ground (March 2, 2016) – MIT Technology Review

A Bomb on a Leash + Apple Should Own The Term ‘Warrant Proof’ + An Example of ‘Warrant Friendly’ Security + Mistakes in the San Bernardino Case (all March 11, 2016 except for the last, which is March 2, 2016 and updated on March 9th) – Jonathan Zdziarski

Members Of Congress Dismayed By FBI Director’s Lack Of Tech Knowledge (March 12, 2016) – Fast Company

San Bernardino iPhone Technically Can Be Hacked Without Apple, Researchers Say (February 21, 2016) – ABC News

Who Needs Apple When the FBI Could Hack Terrorist iPhone Itself (March 4, 2016) – Bloomberg

Common Software Would Have Unlocked San Bernardino Shooter’s iPhone (February 21, 2016) – CBS News

Code is Law and The Burden of Forensic Methodology on Apple and On FBI’s Interference with iCloud Backups and On Ribbons and Ribbon Cutters (February 17, 18, 21 and 23, 2016) – Jonathan Zdziarski

Apple Is Said to Be Trying to Make It Harder to Hack iPhones (February 24, 2016) – New York Times

Johns Hopkins Researchers Poke a Hole in Apple’s Encryption (March 21, 2016) – Washington Post

How Did Governments Lose Control of Encryption? (March 2, 2016) – BBC

The Ground Truth About Encryption and the Consequences of Extraordinary Access – Chertoff Group report (pdf; 28 pages)

On the San Bernardino Suspect’s Apple ID Password Reset (February 21, 2016) – Daring Fireball

Apple Says the Government Bungled Its Chance to Get That iPhone’s Data (February 19, 2016) – Kim Zetter in Wired

On FBI’s Interference with iCloud Backups (February 21, 2016) – Jonathan Zdziarski

FBI Rebuts Reports that County Reset San Bernardino Shooter’s iCloud Password without Consent (February 20, 2016) – Los Angeles Times

Apple’s iOS Security Guide on Passcodes and the Secure Enclave (February 17, 2016) – Daring Fireball

Apple Can Comply with the FBI Court Order (February 17, 2016) – Dan Guido at Trail of Bits Blog

A Technical Perspective on the Apple iPhone Case (February 19, 2016) – EFF

Some Notes on Apple Decryption of San Bernardino Phone (February 16, 2016) – Errata Security

No, Apple Has Not Unlocked 70 iPhones For Law Enforcement (February 18, 2016) – Matthew Panzarino

Most Software Already has a ‘Golden Key’ Backdoor: the System Update (February 27, 2016) – ArsTechnica

MSM Initial News Reports:

Apple Fights Order to Unlock San Bernardino Gunman’s iPhone (February 17, 2016) – New York Times

Apple Vows to Resist FBI Demand to Crack iPhone Linked to San Bernardino Attacks (February 17, 2016) – Washington Post

Background – Events Leading up to FBI’s Action:

US Government Pushed Tech Firms to Hand Over Source Code (March 17, 2016) – ZDNet

Secret Memo Details U.S.’s Broader Strategy to Crack Phones (February 19, 2016) – Bloomberg

Apple’s Line in the Sand Was Over a Year in the Making (February 18, 2016) – New York Times

How Tim Cook, in iPhone Battle, Became a Bulwark for Digital Privacy (February 18, 2016) – New York Times

Inside the FBI’s Encryption Battle with Apple (February 18, 2016) – Guardian

Apple vs. FBI: ‘Just This Once’? (February 23, 2016) – Julian Sanchez at JustSecurity

The List Of 12 Other Cases Where The DOJ Has Demanded Apple Help It Hack Into iPhones (February 23, 2016) – TechDirt

Why the Government Can’t Actually Stop Terrorists From Using Encryption (March 15, 2016) – Washington Post

Background – the All Writs Act:

Text of the All Writs Act (28 U.S. Code § 1651) in its entirety:

(a) The Supreme Court and all courts established by Act of Congress may issue all writs necessary or appropriate in aid of their respective jurisdictions and agreeable to the usages and principles of law.

(b) An alternative writ or rule nisi may be issued by a justice or judge of a court which has jurisdiction.

Wikipedia entry, including a useful audio summary by Jonathan Mayer of the All Writs Act (see the audio link on the Wikipedia page)

The Centuries-Old Law the Government Wants to Use to Unlock a Terrorist’s iPhone (February 17, 2016) – Washington Post

The Obscure 1789 Statute That Could Force Apple to Unlock a Smartphone (October 13, 2015) – Sarah Jeong at MotherBoard

The Dangerous All Writs Act Precedent in the Apple Encryption Case (February 19, 2016) – New Yorker

Background – Selected Noteworthy All Writs Act Cases:

United States v. New York Telephone Co., 434 U.S. 159 (1977)

Price v. Johnston, Warden, 334 U.S. 266 (1948)

Pennsylvania Bureau of Corrections v. United States Marshals Service, 474 U.S. 34 (1985)

Background – Recent DOJ Use of the All Writs Act:

This Map Shows How the Apple-FBI Fight Was About Much More Than One Phone (March 30, 2016) – ACLU

Department of Justice Drops Brooklyn iPhone Case (April 22, 2016) – San Francisco Chronicle; and U.S. Government Drops New York iPhone Case After Third Party Gives It the Passcode (April 23, 2016) – Daily Dot

Justice Department Asks Judge to Revisit NY iPhone Case (March 7, 2016) – Reuters

pdf (51 pages) of the DOJ’s March 7, 2016 appeal to the United States District Court (Eastern District of New York) from Magistrate Orenstein’s rejection (pdf; 50 pages) of the Apple New York All Writs Act order. The appeal will be considered by Judge Margo Brodie.

Apple Wins Major Court Victory in a Case Similar to San Bernardino (February 29, 2016) – The Intercept

Judge Orenstein’s Order (pdf; 50 pages) (alternate links: here and here)

The Weak Main Argument in Judge Orenstein’s Apple Opinion (March 2, 2016) – Orin Kerr in the Washington Post

Apple v. FBI Primer #2: On Judge Orenstein’s Ruling in the Queens Meth Case (March 1, 2016) – law professor Robert Chesney at LawFare

Magistrate Judge Orenstein’s Order in the EDNY, Denying DOJ’s All Writs Act Request (February 29, 2016) – law professor Marty Lederman at JustSecurity

DOJ Claims Apple Should Be Forced To Decrypt iPhones Because Apple, Not Customers, ‘Own’ iOS (October 26, 2015) – TechDirt

The All Writs Act, Software Licenses, and Why Judges Should Ask More Questions (October 26, 2015) – Jennifer Granick and Riana Pfefferkorn at JustSecurity

Some Academic Papers of Potential Relevance:

1st Amendment: Metaphor is the Key: Cryptography, the Clipper Chip, and the Constitution – A. Michael Froomkin (1995)

4th Amendment: Furtive Encryption: Power, Trust, and the Constitutional Cost of Collective Surveillance – Jeffrey Vagle (2015); and related: Why the Fourth Amendment Should Be Part of the Apple Case – law professor Richard Re

Background – Crypto Wars 1.0, 2.0 and Backdoors:

Keys Under Doormats: Mandating Insecurity by Requiring Government Access to All Data and Communications (pdf; 34 pages) – MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory Technical Report (July 6, 2015)

Encryption: Selected Legal Issues (pdf; 29 pages)(March 3, 2016) – Richard M. Thompson II and Chris Jaikaran of the Congressional Research Service; and Encryption and Evolving Technology: Implications for U.S. Law Enforcement Investigations (pdf; 12 pages) – Kristin Finklea of the Congressional Research Service

Keeping Secrets: Four Decades Ago, University Researchers Figured out the Key to Computer Privacy, Sparking a Battle with the National Security Agency that Continues Today. (November 7, 2014) – Henry Corrigan-Gibbs (Stanford Magazine)

Encryption and Globalization – a 2011 academic paper (Columbia Science and Technology Law Review, Vol. 23, 2012) by Peter Swire and Kenesa Ahmad, which includes a brief summary of the original 90’s “Crypto Wars”

A History of Backdoors and How Do We Build Encryption Backdoors? (July 20, 2015 and April 16, 2015) – Professor Matthew Green (Johns Hopkins) at his A Few Thoughts on Cryptographic Engineering blog

“Don’t Panic – Making Progress on the ‘Going Dark’ Debate” – Berkman Center Report (overview here; the Report pdf here (37 pages, including notes and appendices)) (February 1, 2016)

Why Are We Fighting the Crypto Wars Again? (March 11, 2016) – Steven Levy at Backchannel

Tech Industry Reaction:

Apple Gets Tech Industry Backing in iPhone Dispute, Despite Misgivings (March 2, 2016) – New York Times; and Solidarity With Apple Masks Unease In Silicon Valley About Legal Fight Over Dead Terrorist’s iPhone (February 29, 2016) – International Business Times

Amicus Briefs and Letters to Court in Support of Apple – Apple website

Statement of Reform Government Surveillance coalition (including AOL, Apple, Dropbox, Evernote, Facebook, Google, LinkedIn, Microsoft, Twitter, and Yahoo)(February 17, 2016)

Analysis and Opinion – Pro-FBI:

NSA Isn’t the Going Dark Solution, Part I: Richard Clarke Gets It Wrong (March 24, 2016), NSA Isn’t the Going Dark Solution, Part II: There’s No Such Thing As Magic (March 25, 2016), NSA Isn’t the Going Dark Solution, Part III: “Beat Me If You Can” (March 25, 2016), and The Very Definition of Digital Age Chutzpah (March 23, 2016) – LawFare (Susan Hennessy, except for the last, written by Benjamin Wittes)

Apple is Selling You a Phone, Not Civil Liberties (February 18, 2016) – Susan Hennessy and Benjamin Wittes at LawFare; and previously (February 3, 2016) at LawFare by Susan Hennessy: Apple’s Going Dark Doublespeak

Apple’s iPhone Blunder (February 22, 2016) – Law professor Richard Epstein

Questions for Apple (March 1, 2016) – Susan Hennessy and Benjamin Wittes at LawFare

Apple’s Crocodile Tears (March 2, 2016) – law professor Omri Ben-Shaham at TAP

Apple’s Rotten Core; CEO Tim Cook’s Case for Not Aiding the FBI’s Anti-Terror Effort Looks Worse Than Ever (February 28, 2016), and Tim Cook’s Bad Apple Refusing to Cooperate with the FBI is About Protecting the Brand, Not iPhone Users (February 21, 2016) – Gordon Crovitz in the Wall Street Journal (subscription required)

Who Does Apple Think It Is? (February 20, 2016) – Michael Wolff in USA Today

Why Apple’s iPhone Battle with the Government will Likely be a Privacy Setback (February 18, 2016) – Vivek Wadhwa in The Washington Post

  “The war on terror can’t be a war on one of world’s great religions. Jim Comey must give a speech calling Apple a religion of peace.” – Stewart Baker (@stewartbaker): February 22, 2016

The China Question and Other International Ramifications:

Apple Refused China Request for Source Code in Last Two Years (April 20, 2016) – Reuters

A View of ISIS’s Evolution in New Details of Paris Attacks (March 19, 2016) – New York Times on the operational security (e.g., use of burner phones rather than encrypted iPhones) of the Paris attackers

UK Surveillance Powers Bill Could Force Startups to Bake in Backdoors (March 10, 2016) – TechCrunch

Feds Fire Back on San Bernardino iPhone, Noting that Apple has Accommodated China (March 10, 2016) – ArsTechnica

The World’s Not Waiting for California: France Moves to Enforce Decryption (March 7, 2016) – Daniel Severson at LawFare; and France Clears Bill That Could Force Apple to Unlock Terror Data (March 8, 2016) – Bloomberg News reporting on the lower house of the French Parliament clearing the proposed bill (which still has a ways to go before it could become law)

British Spy Agency Chief Says Tech Companies Should Provide a Way Around Encryption (March 8, 2016) – MIT Technology Review

Deposing Tim Cook (February 25, 2016) – Stewart Baker in the Washington Post posing questions to Apple about the extent of its cooperation with Chinese authorities

Apple in China, Part I: What Does Beijing Actually Ask of Technology Companies? (February 22, 2016) – Samm Sacks at LawFare

Apple is Reportedly Giving the Chinese Government Access to its Devices for ‘Security Checks’ (February 23, 2015) – Quartz

Other Analysis and Opinion – Largely Pro-Apple:

Some For-the-Moment Final Thoughts on Apple, Encryption and the FBI (April 7, 2016) – David Post in the Washington Post

John Oliver Explains Why Apple Needs Encryption to Stay a Step Ahead of Hackers (March 14, 2016) – video embed (18 minutes) at The Verge

  “Reminder: Farook destroyed his + wife’s personal phones. There isn’t jack on his work iPhone. He didn’t even bother to hit it with a hammer.” – SecuriTay (@SwiftOnSecurity): March 10, 2016

The Feds Are Wrong to Warn of ‘Warrant-Proof’ Phones (March 17, 2016) – professor Woodrow Hartzog in the MIT Technology Review

Why This iPhone?- One Thing Getting Lost in the Apple-FBI Debate: It Doesn’t Seem Likely that the Device in Question will Yield any Critical Information (February 19, 2016) – Marcy Wheeler in Slate

Apple, FBI, and Software Transparency (March 10, 2016) – Bryan Ford at Freedom to Tinker

Apple Is Right on Encryption; the FBI Doesn’t Want Merely One Phone, and Its Warrant is Legally Suspect (March 1, 2016) – Wall Street Journal Editorial Board

The Apple Case Will Grope Its Way Into Your Future (February 24, 2016) – Farhad Manjoo in the New York Times

Why Apple Is Fighting Not To Unlock iPhones For The Government (February 17, 2016) – Matthew Panzarino at TechCrunch

How to Destroy Pandora’s iPhone (February 26, 2016) – Nicholas Weaver at LawFare

Apple’s FBI Battle is Complicated; Here’s What’s Really Going On (February 18, 2016) – Kim Zetter at Wired

Feeble Noise Pollution; FBI, Apple, Liberty, Security, blah blah blah (February 19, 2016) – the Grugq

Dissecting And Dismantling The Myths Of The DOJ’s Motion To Compel Apple To Build A Backdoor (February 19, 2016) – TechDirt

On Preventing the Widespread Use of a Law-Enforcement-Friendly iOS Patch and Apple and FBI: PIN Codes to Update Firmware, Code as Free Speech, and Legislative Clarification (February 25 and 26, 2016) – Herb Lin at LawFare

Decrypting an iPhone for the FBI (February 22, 2016) – Bruce Schneier

The iPhone Writ Large (February 19, 2016) – Derek Bambauer at Info/Law

Obama Administration, FBI Must Act to Restore US Government’s Credibility in Apple’s Encryption Debate (February 25, 2016) – AppleInsider on what it deems the FBI’s disingenuous positioning (e.g., it’s not about precedent) in the San Bernardino case

The Conscription of Apple’s Software Engineers (February 18, 2016) – Conor Friedersdorf in The Atlantic

Apple, the FBI, and the San Bernadino iPhone (February 17, 2016) – Dan Wallach at Freedom to Tinker

Not a Slippery Slope, but a Jump off the Cliff (February 17, 2016) – Nicholas Weaver at LawFare

Why the FBI’s Request to Apple Will Affect Civil Rights for a Generation (February 17, 2016) – Rich Mogull at MacWorld

The FBI is Striking at the Heart of Apple’s Security System; the Entire industry has Followed the iPhone’s Security Model – What Happens if it Breaks? (February 17, 2016) – The Verge

Why Tim Cook is Wrong: A Privacy Advocate’s View; Apple Should be Unable to Comply with this Request (February 17, 2016) – Trevor Potts