Law, Tech and Policy

U.S. Supreme Court Upholds Fair Use in Google-Oracle Software Battle (April 8, 2021) – Santa Clara law professor Tyler Ochoa with a lengthy blog post (8,000 words) explaining the decision.

Why It’s Easier to Move Country than Switch Social Media (April 12, 2021) – Activist and author, Cory Doctorow, on the importance of dealing with switching costs, in addition to a renewed emphasis on antitrust and interoperability.

Token Safe Harbor Proposal 2.0 (April 13, 2021) – SEC Commissioner Hester Pierce, with an update to her earlier proposal for a token safe harbor that would provide network developers with a three-year grace period within which, under certain conditions, they could facilitate participation in and development of a functional or decentralized network, exempted from federal securities registration requirements.

Final Report on Facial Recognition Technology (FRT) – (96-page pdf at the link: “New Surveillance Technologies in Public Spaces – Challenges and Perspectives for European Law at the Example of Facial Recognition” (April 2021)).

President Biden’s Executive Order on Improving the Nation’s Cybersecurity – (May 12, 2021), along with accompanying White House Fact Sheet and Politico’s press coverage

Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence Resources:

The Coming AI Hackers (pdf; 54 pages: April 2021) – cybersecurity expert, Bruce Schneier.

European Union’s Proposal for a Regulation Laying Down Harmonised Rules on Artificial Intelligence (Artificial Intelligence Act) – (pdfs at the link: the 108-page proposal and a 17-page annex: April 21, 2021).

Andreessen Horowitz’s AI Playbook and AI, Deep Learning, and Machine Learning: A Primer (video: 45 minutes)

An AI Reading List — From Practical Primers to Sci-Fi Short Stories; the best reading on AI, as recommended by the experts – The Verge; part of The Verge’s The State of AI in 2019

Andrew Ng’s AI For Everyone – The Definitive Starting Block for AI Novices and AI for Everyone at

A Visual Introduction to Machine Learning Part I and Part II (from

Machine Learning for Humans (Vishal Maini: strategy & communications at DeepMindAI)

Artificial Intelligence Podcast (Lex Fridman)

Fifty AI Experts to Follow on Twitter (list by Cognilytica)

Google’s The Launchpad applied machine learning “best practices” website

The UC Berkeley Course for 2019 called Introduction to Deep Learning has released their official textbook as an online resource. In addition to the online notebooks, the course also offers a comprehensive playlist of lecture videos

Fairness and Machine Learning: Limitations and Opportunities – an online work-in-process textbook by Solon Barocas, Moritz Hardt, Arvind Narayanan

AI Now Institute and their annual reports and other publications

Global AI Policy Database from Charlotte Stix (Coordinator for the High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence of the European Commission)

Artificial Intelligence: What Every Policymaker Needs to Know from the Center for a New American Security

Princeton’s Dialogues on AI and Ethics Case Studies

Superintelligence: The Idea That Eats Smart People by Maciej Ceglowski (video: 45 minutes) – “A skeptical view on the seductive, apocalyptic beliefs that prevent people in tech from really working to make a difference”

The Power of Self-Learning Systems (video: YouTube, 64 minutes) presentation by Demis Hassabis, Co-Founder & CEO, Google DeepMind

Mr. Robot – a profile of AI pioneer Geoffrey Hinton (Toronto Life)

Former Head of Google China Foresees an AI Crisis—and Proposes a Solution (IEEE Spectrum) and Who Needs Democracy When You Have Data – Here’s How China Rules Using Data, AI, and Internet Surveillance (MIT Technology Review)


Academic Papers and Reports of Interest:

Artificial Intelligence Policy: A Primer and Roadmap (28 page pdf; updated October 19, 2017) – Ryan Calo (University of Washington School of Law)

AI Now 2017 Report (36 page pdf; October 18, 2017) – Alex Campolo, New York University; Madelyn Sanfilippo (New York University); Meredith Whittaker (Google Open Research and New York University); and Kate Crawford (Microsoft Research and New York University)

Using Targeted Advertising for Personal Surveillance and related paper (12 page pdf; October 18, 2017) – Paul Vines, Franziska Roesner, and Tadayoshi Kohno (University of Washington)

I Never Signed Up For This! Privacy Implications of Email Tracking and related paper (18 page pdf; September 28, 2017) – Steven Englehardt, Jeffrey Han, and Arvind Narayanan (Princeton University)

Is the First Amendment Obsolete? (29 page pdf; September 2017) – Tim Wu (Columbia Law School)

The Pluralist Model of Speech Regulation: Free Speech in the Algorithmic Society – Big Data, Private Governance, and New School Speech Regulation and related paper (65 page pdf; October 13, 2017) – Jack Balkin (Yale Law School)


Robots, AI and the Law (link round-up)

We Robot 2016 video recap at (April 11, 2016) – all videos at the link:

A. Moral Crumple Zones: Cautionary Tales in Human Robot Interaction (video duration 01:40:00)

B. SmartPrivacy in Human-Robot Interaction (video duration 01:20:00)

C. How to Engage the Public on the Ethics and Governance of Lethal Autonomous Weapons (video duration 01:03:00)

D. Autonomous Vehicles (video duration 02:35:00)

E. Privacy and Healthcare Robots (video duration 01:10:30)

F. Institutional Options for Robot Governance (video duration 01:31:30)

G. Will #BlackLivesMatter to RoboCop? (video duration 01:16:30)

H. Siriously? Free Speech Rights for Artificial Intelligence (video duration 01:20:30)

I. What Do We Really Know About Robots and the Law? (video duration 01:13:00)

Hearing on the “The Legal and Ethical Aspects of Robotics and Artificial Intelligence” – European Parliament Committee on Legal Affairs (April 21, 2016)

Hearing Agenda (single page pdf)

Link to the recorded video of the hearing. The relevant portion begins at 00:54:30 (total length of hearing: approximately 2 hours, 21 minutes)

Robots in American Law presentation by law professor Ryan Calo at the University of Texas Law School (March 22, 2016). Two videos: main presentation (video duration 01:08:00) and a conversation with Ryan Calo (video duration 00:15:00). See also: Robots in American Law – Ryan Calo (University of Washington Law School) (pdf; 44 pages)

What Is a Robot? The Question is More Complicated Than it Seems (March 22, 2016) – Adrienne Lafrance in The Atlantic

Four Reasons America’s Laws Governing Robots Are Terrifyingly Outdated; Robots are Evolving Faster Than the Laws That Rule Their Existence (March 29, 2016) – Sarah Sloat in Inverse

The Race Is On to Control Artificial Intelligence, and Tech’s Future (March 25, 2016) and Silicon Valley Looks to Artificial Intelligence for the Next Big Thing (March 27, 2016) – New York Times. See also: AI Hits the Mainstream (March 28, 2016) – MIT Technology Review

Let Artificial Intelligence Evolve; That Way, It’ll Be Moral (April 18, 2016) – Michael Chorost in Slate

Robots Are Learning to Fake Empathy (April 6, 2016) – MotherBoard

What the Scarlett Johansson Robot Says About the Future; Courts Need to Grapple with New Questions Raised by Increasingly Technology-Savvy Fans (April 7, 2016) – Margot E. Kaminski in Slate

Flash Forward podcast: “Rude Bot Rises” on conscious artificial intelligence (podcast length: 00:30:45) (April 5, 2016)

Humans Can’t Escape Killer Robots, but Humans Can Be Held Accountable for Them (April 15, 2016) – P.W. Singer and August Cole at ViceNews

Terrifyingly Convenient; A.I. Assistants Can Give You the News, Order You a Pizza, and Tell You a Joke and All You Have To Do is Trust Them – Completely (April 3, 2016) – Will Oremus in Slate

Chat Bots, Conversation and AI as an Interface (March 30, 2016) – Benedict Evans